Tzankova, N., D. Stavrakeva. 2020. Mineralogical study of archaeological copper slags found in the area of Krushevets Village, SE Bulgaria. – GEOLOGICA BALCANICA, 49 (2), Sofia, August 2020, pp. 3–23.
Abstract. In this article, we present the results of our study on archaeological slags found near the village of Krushevets, Southeast Bulgaria. Chemical analyses of the slags show a high Fe2O3 (40.11–54.57%) and SiO2 (29.32–42.28%) content, increased CaO content (3.01–6.51%), as well as a very low quantity of SO3 (from 0.20% to 0.52%) and P2O5 (between 0.23% and 0.30%). The unbound residual copper in the samples is in an amount of 0.41% to 1.07%. The main phases composition of the slags are as follows: fayalite-type silicate phases with impurities, kirschsteinite and laihunite; pyroxenes of the augite-type and amorphous hosted glass; iron-oxide phases (magnetite and maghemite); and copper-containing phases (drops of unbound copper, relicts of ore minerals such as bornite, chalcopyrite), as well as newly formed phases, such as chalcocite, and copper-containing spherical aggregates. The studied samples are a by-product of copper extraction metallurgical activity. The raw material used was of a copper-sulfide type with impurities of manganese-, calcium-, magnesium- and aluminium-containing minerals.
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